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2019.5.20作业 初中英语的定语从句句型练习题目(45)

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2019.5.20作业 初中英语的定语从句句型练习题目(45) 定语从句专项训练 I 选择最佳答案: 1.The silk _______ is made in Hangzhou sells well. A. that B.who C. what D. / 2.The man_______today left this message for you. A.called B.has called C.whom c

2019.5.20作业 初中英语的定语从句句型练习题目(45)

定语从句专项训练

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I 选择最佳答案:

1.The silk _______ is made in Hangzhou sells well.
  A. that    B.who   C. what    D. /
2.The man_______today left this message for you.
  A.called    B.has called   C.whom called    D.who called
3.Do you live near the building ______colour is yellow?
  A. that    B.which    C.whose   D. its
4.He helped his father on the farm ______they lived.
  A. which   B.that   C.when    D. where
5.I’m one of the boys_____never late for school.
  A.that is    B.who is    C.who are     D.who am
6.All_____should be done has been done.
  A.what     B.which    C.that     D.whatever
7.Jack told me everything _______he knew about it.
A. what    B.that     C.which     D.who
8.My father works in the factory ______this type of truck is made.
A.in where     B.in which     C.from which     D.of  which
9.The school_______we visited last week was built in 1956.
A./       B.where      C.that      D.both A and C
10.This is one of the best films_______I have ever seen.
A.which      B.that      C.of which       D.of that
11.In fact the Swede did not understand the three questions_______were asked in French.
A.where      B.who      C.in which      D.which
12.He paid the boy $10 for washing ten windows, most of ______ hadn’t been cleaned for at least a year.
A.these      B.those      C.that      D.which
13.His parents wouldn’t let him marry anyone ________family was poor.
A.of whom     B.whom      C.of whose      D.whose
14.All_______is needed is a supply of oil.
A.the thing     B.that       C.what       D.which
15.In the dark street ,there wasn’t a single person _____she could turn for help.
A.that     B.who      C.from whom     D.to whom
16.She heard a terrible noise,______brought her heart into her mouth.
A.it      B.which      C.this      D.that
17.The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace.
A. Which   B. where   C. what    D. in which
18.Do you know the man _______?
A. whom I spoke  B. to who spoke  C. I spoke to  D. that I spoke
19.This is the hotel _______last month.
A. which they stayed   B. at that they stayed   C. where they stayed at   D. where they stayed
20.Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded?
A. which   B. that    C. when    D. on which
21.That is the day ______I'll never forget.
A. which   B. on which    C. in which    D. when
22..The factory ______we'll visit next week is not far from here.
A. where   B. to which    C. which      D. in which
23.Great changes have taken place since then in the factory _______we are working.
A. where     B. that      C. which      D. there
24.This is one of the best films _______.
A. that have been shown this year  B. that have shown  C. that has been shown this year  D. that you talked
25.Can you lend me the book ______the other day?
A. about which you talked     B. which you talked   C. about that you talked    D. that you talked
26.The pen ______he is writing is mine.
A. with which   B. in which    C. on which    D. by which
27..They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ______sat a small boy.
A. whom      B. who      C. which      D. that
28..The engineer ______my father works is about 50 years old.
A. to whom    B. on whom     C. with which     D. with whom
29.It there anyone in your class ______family is in the country?
A. who    B. who's    C. which    D. whose
30.I'm interested in ______you have said.
A. all that   B. all what    C. that    D. which


II 用适当的关系词填空:

1) I’ll never forget the day on ________ they met for the very first time last summer.
2) This is the place _________ he so often mentioned to me.
3) The only thing ________ interested him was that he could do anything _________ he wanted to.
4) “What a scientist! What wonderful invention!” he talked excitedly about Bill Gates and his Microsoft Company _________ is now a focus (焦点) of newspapers and television.
5) He is old, ________ fact is important in this case.
6) Finally, the thief handed everything __________ he had stolen.
7) We talked about the things and persons _________ we saw then.
8) With _________ were you talking?
9) This is the very present __________ my mother gave me.
10) They are talking about the people and things ________ they are on their way home.
11) Which is the bike __________ is made in Shanghai?
12) I think this is the most beautiful dress ______ I own.
13) Those _______ want to buy the house may sign their names first.
14) My sister, __________ you met in Guangzhou, has bought a new car.
15) That’s the way _______ they work.


III 把下列各题的两句话合并成一个带定语从句的复合句。

1)The students will not be able to pass the English exam. They don’t work hard enough.
 
2)The teacher is my physics teacher . You saw him on the playground just now.
 
3) The woman is an English teacher. She is standing at the school gate.
 
4) This is the girl. Her sister is a famous singer.
 
5) The book is good. I am reading.
 

IV 改正下列句子中的错误:

1. Mr. Brown is talking to the students who comes from Canada.
2. The factory which we are going to work is far from here.
3. This is the room in that we lived last year.
4. They talked of things and people who they remembered in the hospital.
5. All which Iraq people want is peace.
6. Anyone that breaks the rule will be punished.
7. This is the child who father died of SARS.
8. I have lost my pen, that I like very much.
9. I went to the library but I didn’t find the book that I needed it.
10. This is the person whom you are looking.


答案 Keys:


 I 选择:
1.A.先行词是物,故用that引导.
2.D.先行词是人,而且引导词在从句中作主语。
3.C.表示“……’’的”,修饰名词color,  限定先行词the building,说明是the building的颜色.
4.D.先行词是地点,故用where引.
5.C.先行词是人,且是复数the boys.
6.C.先行词为all ,everything等不定代词时用that.
7.B.同上
8.B.关系代词在介词后面时用which.
9.D.当关系代词在定语从句中作宾语时,关系代词常被省略
10.B.当先行词前有一个最高级形容词修饰的时候,用that.
11.D.定语从句中需要主语,四个选项中只有which可以在从句中作主语
12.D.非限制性定语从句用which.
13.D.
14.B.先行词为all用that引导.
15.D.该题考察定语从句中介词+关系代词的用法turn to sb for help 这一短语.
16.B.非限制性定语从句中关系代词用which.
17. A. which用作关系代词,在定语从句中作主语。
18.C. "和谁讲话”要说speak to sb. 本题全句应为Do you know the man whom I spoke to.。whom是关系代词,作介词to的宾语,可以省略。
19. D. where是关系副词,表示地点,在定语从句中作地点状语。
20. C. when是关系副词,表示时间,在定语从句中作时间状语。
21.A. which是关系代词,在从句中作forget的宾语。其他几个答案都不能作宾语。
22.C. 解析同第5题。
23. A. 解析见第3题。
24. A. 本句话的先行词应该是films,因此,关系代词that是负数概念,其谓语动词应用复述的被动语态have been shown。如果句中的one前面使用了定冠词the,则the one应该视为先行词。
25. A. “谈到某事物”应说talk about sth.。about是介词,其后要用which作宾语,不能用that。
26. A. with which是"介词+关系代词"结构,常用来引导定语从句.with有"用"的意思,介词之后只能用which,不能用that. with which在定语从句中作状语,即he is writing with a pen.
27. C. in front of which 即in front of a farmhouse. In front of which在从句中作状语.
28. D. with whom引导定语从句.with whom放在从句中即为:my father works with the engineer.
29. D. whose引导定语从句,在从句中作主语family的定语.
30. A. that引导定语从句,因为先行词是all,所以只能选用that引导.


II 
1.which 介词后面只能用which.
2.that/which  3.that , ( that)    当先行词指物,且被all, every, no ,some ,any, little , much, one of , the only, the very, the right 等修饰时,关系词只能用that.
4.that 5. which
6. that ( 同3 )
7. that当先行词既有人又有物时只能用that 引导。
 8. whom
9. that  当先行词指物,且被all, every, no ,some ,any, little , much, one of , the only, the very, the right 等修饰时,关系词只能用that.
10. that
11 that 在特殊疑问句中定语从句的引导词不能与疑问词重复。
12. that 当先行词被序数词或最高级修饰时,指物只能用that 引导。
13. who those 指人时用who.
14. whom . 非限制性定语从句不能用that 引导。当先行词指物时用which; 当先行词指人时,并在从句中作主语时用who; 在从句中作宾语时用whom.
15. that .   way 作先行词时,常用that 或in which 引导定于从句.


III  1. The students who/that don’t study hard will not be able to pass the English exam.
2. The teacher (who/that) you saw on the playground is my physics teacher.
3. The woman who/that is standing at the school gate is an English teacher.
4. This is the girl whose sister is a famous singer.
5. The book (that/which) I am reading is good.


IANSWERS:
1. comes改为 come或 students改为 student。关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,其谓语动词的数要与先行词保持一致。
2. which 前加上in或 which改为 where。定语从句中的谓语动词work是不及物动词,先行词factory在从句中作地点状语而非宾语。试比较:
This is the factory which/that I visited last year.
This is the factory in which(where) I worked last year.
3. that改为 which 或in放在 lived之后。关系代词作介词宾语时,介词一般要放在它们之前,但其关系代词只能用which 或whom;若先行词是表示人的名词时,用whom;若表示物的名词则用which。介词也可放在从句原来的位置上。
4. who改为that。先行词既有表示人的名词,又有表示物的名词时,关系代词要用that。
5. which改为 that。当先行词是all,few,little,much,something,nothing,anything,everything等时,关系代词要用that。
6. that改为who。当先行词是one,ones,anyone或those时,关系代词常用who。
7. who改为whose。先行词child在定语从句中作定语。作定语的关系代词无论指人还是指物,一律用 whose
8. that改为 which。引导非限制定语从句时,关系代词用which,不用that。
9. 去掉it。关系代词在定语从句中作宾语时,无论省略与否,从句中不可再使用it,them,him之类的代词。
10. for放在looking之后。Look for是固定短语,英语中的固定短语一般不可分开使用。
 

 
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