欢迎大家与博客主人交流英语学习的相关问题。另外提供付费解决英语学习问题、英语翻译、英语写作等等的技术服务,如果需要请 点击 加QQ说你的需求

2019.4.23作业 英语的非谓语动词练习题目(040)

VIP一对一 网络 评论

2019.4.23作业 英语的非谓语动词练习题(040) 1.The headmaster wanted the new classroom building___as soon as possible. A.to put up B.to be put up C.to have been put up D.being put up 2.At the shopping-centre,he didnt know what____an

2019.4.23作业 英语的非谓语动词练习题(040)


插图



 1.The headmaster wanted the new classroom building___as soon as possible.
  A.to put up        B.to be put up
  C.to have been put up   D.being put up
  2.At the shopping-centre,he didn’t know what____and____with an empty bag.
  A.to buy;leave    B.to be bought
  C.to buy;left     D.was so buy;leave
  3.The policeman put down the phone,____with a smile on his face.
  A.satisfied   B.satisfying  C.to be satisfied  D.having satisfied
  4.____,your composition is full of mistakes.
  A.Writing carelessly      B.Written carelessly
  C.Having written carelessly   D.Being written carelessly
  5.She made a candle_____us light.
  A.give   B.gave  C.to give  D.given
  6.The stranger you saw_____with a big travelling-bag stayed in Room 104 yesterday.
  A.to come in   B.come in  C.has come in  D.who came in
  7.——What do you suppose made her worried?
  ——_____a gold ring.
  A.Lose   B.Lost  C.Losing   D.Because of losing
  8.He feft a stone____his back.
  A.hitting   B.hit   C.hitted  D.to hit
  9.I know it’s not important,but I can’t help_____about it.
  A.to think  B.and think  C.thinking  D.being thought
  10._____several times the young scientist still kept on making his experi-ments.
  A.Having been failed   B.Having failed
  C.Though failed     D.Because of failure
  11.In Australia,he made a lot of friends____a very practical knowledge of the English language.
  A.get   B.go get  C.getting   D.got
  12.——What did you mean by saying that?
  ——I mean no harm.I only____.
  A.meant heping  B.want to help  C.meant of help  D.want helping
  13.I never expected the shoes_____.
  A.wearing out  B.to be worn out  C.to have worn out  D.being worn out
  14.You must learn_____.
  A.that your time needs a wise use  B.how to make lest of your time
  C.to make wise use of your time   D.wise ways to use your time
  15._____is better_____one’s life than_____one’s spirit.
  A. That; lost; you lose    B. It; to lose; lose
  C.This ; losing ; losing    D. It; to lose ; to lose
  16. Peter wanted his TV______,but his wife would rather have it______off.
  A. fixed; thrown   B. to be fixed ; be thrown
  C.fixed ; throwing   D.fixing ; throwing
  17. _____the news of his father's death, he burst into tears.
  A. After hearing  B. On hearing  C. Having heard  D. While hearing
  18. Most of the artists______to the party were from South Africa.
  A. invited   B. to invite  C. being invited   D. had been invited
  19. Tom kept quiet about the accident_______lose his job.
  A. so not as to   B. so as not to   C. so as to not  D. not so as to
  20. She searched the top of the hill and stopped______on a big rock by the side of the path.
  A. to have rested   B. resting  C. to rest   D. rest
  21. Last summer I took a course on_______.
  A. how to make dress    B. how dress be made
  C. how to be made dress   D. how dress to be made
  22. The secretary worded late into the night,______a long speech for the president.
  A. to prepare   B. preparing   C. prepared  D. was preparing
  23. She's upstairs_______letters.
  A. writes   B. is writing   C. write   D. writing
  24. The speaker raised his voice but still couldn't make himself______.
  A. hear  B. to hear  C. hearing   D. heard
  25. The murderer was brought in ,with his hands______behind his back.
  A. being tied  B. having tied  C. to be tied  D. tied
  26. On Saturday afternoon, Mr Green went to the market,_____some ba-nanas and visited his cousin .
  A. bought  B. buying  C. to buy  D. buy
  27. Jane was made______the truck for a week as a punishment.
  A. to wash   B. washing   C. wash   D. to be washing
  28. Mr Smith warned his daughter _____after drinking.
  A. never to drive   B. to never drive  C. never driving  D. never drive
  29. ——The light in the office is still on.
  ——Oh, I forgot _______.
  A. turning it off  B. turn it off  C. to turn it off  D. having turned it off
  30. I can hardly imagine Peter ______across the Atlantic Ocean in five days.
  A. sail   B. to sail   C. sailing   D. to have sailed
  31. ——Shall we go skating or stay at home?
  ——Which____do yourself?
  A. do you rather    B. would you rather
  C. will you rather   D. should you rather
  32. ____a reply, he decided to write again.
  A. Not receiving     B. Receiving not
  C. Not having received  D. Having not received
  33. The salesman scolded the girl caught______and let her off.
  A. to have stolen    B. to be stealing
  C. to steal       D. stealing
  34. Little Jim should love_____to the theatre this evening.
  A. to be taken   B. to take   C. being taken   D. taking
  35. ——I usually go there by train.
  ——Why not____by boat for a change?
  A. to try going   B. trying to go   C. to try and go  D. try going
  36. I would appreciate______back this afternoon.
  A. you to call   B. you call   C. your calling   D. you're calling
  37. _____is a good form of exercise for both young and old.
  A. The walk   B. Walking   C. To walk   D. Walk
  38. "Can't you read?"Mary said_____to the notice.
  A. angrily pointing     B. and point angrily
  C. angrily pointed     D. an angrily pointing
  39. The computer centre,______last year, is very popular among the students in this school.
  A. open   B. opening   C.having opened   D. opened
  40. Charles Babbage is generally considered______the first computer.
  A. to invent    B. inventing   C. to have invented  D. having invented
  41. How about the two of us_____a walk down the garden?
  A. to take   B. take   C. taking   D. to be taking
  42. ______down the radio —the baby's asleep in the next room.
  A. Turning   B. To turn   C. Turned   D. Turn
  43. The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with his talks,______that he had enjoyed his stay here.
  A. having added   B. to add   C. adding   D. added
  44. The first textbooks ______for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century.
  A. having written   B. to be written   C. being written  D. and arrived
  45. She set out soon after dark _____ home an hour later.
  A. arriving    B. to arrive   C. having arrived  D. and arrived
  46. The missing boys were last seen ______near the river.
  A. playing   B. to be playing   C. play   D. to play
  47. Rather than ______ on a crowded bus ,he always prefers ______ a bicy-cle.
  A. ride; ride   B. riding ; ride   C. ride ; to ride   D. to ride; riding
  48. ——I must apologize for _____ ahead to time.
  —— That's all right.
  A. letting you not know   B. not letting you know
  C. letting you know not   D. letting not you know
  49. Paul doesn't have to be made _____. He always works hard.
  A. learn   B. to learn   C. learned   D. learning
  50. We agreed _____here but so far she hasn't turned up yet.
  A. having met   B. meeting   C. to meet   D. to have met
  51. ——You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting.
  ——Well,now I regret ______that.
  A. to do   B. to be doing   C. to have done   D. having done
  52. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street ,but his mother told him _____.
  A. not to   B. not to do   C. not do it   D. do not to
  53. ______in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him.
  A. Losing  B. Having lost   C. Lost   D. To lose
  54. The patient was warned _____oily food after the operation.
  A. to eat not   B. eating not   C. going   D. having gone
  55. I would love _____to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report.
  A. to go   B. to have gone   C. going    D. to be first playing
  56. The Olympic Games, ______in 776 B. C. , did not include women players until 1912.
  A. first playing   B. to be first played
  C. first played    D. to be first playing
  57. _____is know to all, China will be an_____and powerful country in 20 or 30 years' time.
  A. That;advancing     B. This;advanced
  C. As; advanced      D. It ; advancing
  58. ——Do you feel like _____there or shall we take a bus?
  ——I'd like to walk. But since there isn't much time left. I 'd rather we _____a taxi.
  A. walking; hire  B. to walk; hire  C. to walk ; hired  D. walking; hired
  【试题解析】
  1、选B。want 一词表示“打算,想要”,通常构成want to do与want sb. /sth. to do两种形式,因为building与put up之间逻辑上是被动关系,故want复合宾语中的不定式使用了被动式。该句的含义是“校长打算让这座新教学楼尽快建成”。
  2、选C。注意该题中buy和leave不是两个并列动作,而是说“他在购物中的不知道该买什么,就带着空兜子离开了”。What to buy 作didn't know的宾语,left与didn't know并列。
  3、选A。satisfy意为“满……,使……满意”,既然人作了主语则用它的过去分词形式作状语。该句的含义是“警察放下了电话,脸上露出满意的笑容”。
  4、选B。该句主语your composition是write这一动作的承受者,故write应用过去分词。该句的含义为“因为写的太粗心了,你的作文到处是错误”。该句中过去分词短语作状语,相当于Your composition is full of mistakes because it is written carelessly.
  5、选C。不定式to give us light作目的状语。该句的含义是“她做了一个蜡烛来照明”。
  6、选B。
  7、选C。该题的前者问“你认为什么使他着急?”该题的答句是个省略句,这部分应在句中充当主语,故用名词或动名词。该句的完整形式是:Losing a gold ring made her worried(丢失一枚金戒子使她着急),故C为正确答案。
  8、选B。该句中feel后面接的是一个宾语从句。hit应使用一般过去时,又因为hit过去式与原形相同,故B为正确答案。该句的含义是“他感到有块石头打在他后背上”。
  9、选C。can't help doing sth. 意为“忍不住,禁不住做某事”。该句的含义为“我知道这并不重要,但我忍不住总去想它”。
  10、选B。
  11、选B。该句的含义是“在澳大利亚他交了许多朋友,学到了英语语言的实用知识”。不定式to get a very practical knowledge of the English language在该句中作结果状语。
  12、选C。高中学生应该知道mean的两个常见词义。该题问句中的mean表示“意思……,含……意思”,后面要接名词或动名词,答句中的mean表示“意欲,意指,企图”,后面要接不定式。该句的含义是“你那么说什么意思?”“我没有什么恶意,我只是想帮忙”。再如:
  I'm sorry. I didn't mean to hurt her. 对不起,我没想伤害她(但事实上已造了伤害)。
  13、选B。expect意为“预料,想到”,常形成expect sb./sth.to do结构,因为shoes与wear our为被动关系,所以作为宾语补足语的不定式要用被动形式。该句的含义是“我没想到这双鞋会穿破”。
  14、选C。learn to do sth. 意为“学会做某事”。该句的含义为“你必须学会聪明地利用时间”。make use of 意为“利用,使用”。
  15、选D。该句中it 作形式主语,to lose one's life不仅作it的真正主语,而且与to lose one's spirit并列。该句的含义是一个人失去生命总比失去灵魂强”。
  16、选A。
  17、选B。On hearing the news of his father's death…意为As soon as he heard the news of his father's death…。该题也可以用现在分词的一般式hearing作状语,但不可以用现在分词的完成式(C项),因为“他突然哭了”这一动作与“听到爸爸去世”这一动作几乎是同时发生的。
  18、选A。句中的Most of the artists与invite之间为被动关系,而且表示的是完成的动作,所以答案应选择A。句子的意思是:“应邀参加晚会的大多数艺术家均来自于南非。过去分词invited在句子中作定语,其作用相当于Most of the artists that were invited to the party were from South Africa.
  19、选B。so as to 相当于in order to,它的否定式应放在不定式to之前。注意:so as to 不用于句首。
  20、选C。stop to do sth. =stop and do sth.是停下来正在做的事而去做另一件事。stop doing是停止做某事。
  21、选A。疑问词how加不定式,可作介词的宾语。
  22、选B。用现在分词作伴随状语。A项是不定式,可以做目的状语,但目的状语前不用逗号。C、D项属语法错误。
  23、选D
  24、选D。make oneself done是惯用法。在本句中的意思是:“使自己的声音被别人听到。”
  25、选D。在with 结构中,hands与tie之间的关系是被动关系,故排除B项。tied不仅表示被动,还表示动作已完成,故排除A、C项。
  26、选A。
  27、选A。make sb. do这一句型变成被动语态时为:be made to do sth.
  28、选A。warn sb. not(never) to do sth.是惯用法。
  29、选C。forget to do sth. 是“忘记去做某事”。forget与remember的用法类似。
  30、选C。imagine后接动名词作宾语。Peter是sailing的逻辑主语,也可写成Peter's,它们合起来称为动名词的复合结构。
  31、答案选B。would rather do sth. 是惯用法,变问句时,把would提前。
  32、选C。receive与主句的主语he 之间有逻辑上的主谓关系。故用现在分词,但主句中的again又暗示考生,分词的动作发生在主句谓语动词之前,因此用现在分词的完成式。not必须置于分词之前。此句可理解为:As/Since he hadn't received a reply, he decided to write again.
  33、选D。考生如果掌握catch sb. doing(发现某人正在做某事)这一短语,便可知girl与catch之间是被动关系,因此用catch的过去分词形式作后置定语,相当于a girl who was caught stealing.
  34、选A。should love to=would like to,句子Jim与take之间是被动关系。
  35、选D。抓住原题中的for a change便知why not +do表示一种建议,而try to do是“尽力设法做某事,try doing是“试着做”。
  36、选C。appreciate需要动名词作宾语,your calling是动名词的复合结构。
  37、选B。动名词作主语通常表示习惯性、泛指经常性、不具体的动作。而不定式作主语则表示一次性、特指、未来、具体的动作。原题中的a good form又暗示考生,这个动作是泛指的,经常性的。
  38、选A。“生气地”是用来说明说话时的表情,应放在被修饰词said的后面,选A或C; “指着”这一动作的逻辑主语是Mary,应该用现在分词作伴随状语。全句意思是:“你不会看吗?”玛丽指着布告生气地说。
  39、选D。opened是过去分词作非限定性定语,与先行词the computer cen-tre之间是被动关系,相当于which was opened last year,意思是:“去年开业的”。
  40、选C。
  41、选C。what/how about +doing sth.是“做某事怎样”,而the two of us是动名词的逻辑主语,它们合起来构成动名词的复合结构。
  42、选D。这是一个祈使句,意思是:“请把收音机的音量调小些。”原题中的破折号相当于一个连接词for,说明音量调小的原因。
  43、选C。现在分词作伴随状语。句子的意思是:“来访的部长对其双方会谈的结果表示满意,并补充到在逗留期间感到很愉快。”
  44、选D。“课本”被“写出”,此空白应该用表示被动的非谓语动词作定语,可排除A; to be written表示即将发生,与题意不符;being written强调正在进行时,与题意不符;written表示已完成的动作。全句的意思是:“把英语作为外语来教的第一批课本,是在十六世纪出版的。”
  45、选D。
  46、选A。
  47、选C。prefer后可接不定式,也可接动名词,接动词不定式时通常与rather than连用,表示否定。故该题的正确答案为C。即正常语序是:He al-ways prefers to ride a bicycle rather than ride on a crowded bus.该句还可以这样来表达:He always prefers riding a bicycle to riding on a crowed bus.即prefer后接动名词时,常与介词to连用,表示否定,意为:“喜欢做……而不喜欢做……。”
  48、选B。letting是现在分词短语作介词for的宾语,且否定时,not 置于动名词之前。
  49、选B。
  50、选C。
  51、选D。regret后接不定式表示没有发生的动作;接动名词则表示后悔做过某事。根据题意:“后悔提出了反对意见”,故答案选动名词的完成时。
  52、选A。
  53、选C。句中的主语he和lose之间为被动关系。所以应用过去分词短语作状语。
  54、选C。
  55、选B。would love to have done表示“本想去做,而没做”。从下文“but I had to work extra hours to finish a report”可知事情没有做。
  56、选C。
  57、选C。
  58、选D。该题问句中的feel like doing sth. 表示“愿意,打算”,like为介词;答句中would rather后面接的宾语从句中谓语动词要用一般过去时。该句的含义是“你愿意步行去还是乘车?”“我想步行去,但既然没有多少时间了,我们就叫辆出租车吧。”
 

喜欢 (23) or 分享 (0)
发表我的评论
取消评论

表情

您的回复是我们的动力!

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 验证码 点击我更换图片

网友最新评论